Quality fencing for your farm
A fence is a fence is a fence, right? Of course not, there are different types of fences, while most are for keeping things in or out, there are decorative fences. The type we will talk about today is a farm fence and some different farm fence ideas. which could be considered a tool because it used to keep their livestock together and other unwanted animals, like coyotes or boar hogs, out.
Farm fence building requires knowing how to farm fence construction process works, like having the proper farm fence equipment and the right materials.
What is the best fencing for cattle?
The most popular farm fence used for cattle today is high tensile fencing. High Tensile fence is built with five-wire and posts, usually wooden, spaced every twenty-four feet. Often, the rancher will electrify two of the wires.
A high tensile farm fence is popular as a farm fence because it is durable, inexpensive, and long-lasting. The heavy wooden posts used to support the wire are driven deep into the ground, giving it added strength. This makes it challenging for cattle to push through, but if they determine enough, they can. This is the reason most ranchers electrify two of the wires. Other types of farm fence used are poly-coated fencing, wood board fence, and woven wire fence.
What is fencing wire made of?
The theory of wire fences is that being stretched creates tension between heavy deep planted posts at corners and ends, at intervals typically of 150 to 1000 feet. Additional posts, metal or wood, are placed in between the braced posts to keep the wires spaced evenly and upright. Conventionally, wire fencing is a galvanized mild steel or galvanized high-tensile steel.
To prevent his type of farm fence from sagging and risking the possibility of cattle becoming entangled or escaping, the wire is pulled tense as much as safely possible while being constructed. The tool used to do this is a fence stretcher or wire stretcher. The different types of wire fences are:
Barbed wire comes in an endless variety of types, most of which are identical in functionality. They commonly use it for farm fence, but there are peculiarity differences in manufacturing with barbed wire the most effective for cattle in a pasture.
High tensile is a special springy steel wire that is hard and it could be used for barbed wire, a single strand plain, or a woven mesh. It can hold a higher tension and can withstand wider post spacings, making it strong against cattle pushing and why it is chosen for farm fence use. It can be electrified and insulated.
Smooth wire is essentially the same as barbed wire but without the barbs. The main advantage of this wire is that is less likely to cut or lacerate any animal that rubs on it or becomes tangled in it. Animals are likely to lean on it because of that, stretching it loosening it. For farm fence purposes, they typically use it for high-tensile farm fence to that it springs back easily to its original stature.
Farm fence made of woven wire is recognizable by wire “knots” that are wrapped around every intersecting wire. In residential use, there are cheaper forms used, at the junctions, it is spot welded. This is a costly type of farm fence and installation is time-consuming.
How high is a farm fence?
Farm fencing is typically four feet high, which will keep most animals in (or out if that is the desire). The type of material used, the terrain, and sometimes the type of animal can make a difference in height. For example, keeping deer in or out, six feet is the minimum height recommended. Some areas may have laws requiring a specific height based on the type of animals.
How deep do fence posts need to be?
The posts of a farm fence are key in getting a long-term performance from the fence, they are the backbone of the fence. They base how deep the poles should be set on several factors:
- The height: The general rule is one-third of the post height should be in the ground.
- The frost line: The post bottom should be below the frost line.
- The building codes: Every area and region has different building codes and specific requirements based on factors like soil type and frost line.
- The hole size: The hole should be three times as wide as the pole.
How do I stop my fence post from heaving?
Frost heave happens when water freezes and then thaws in the soil. This can be a serious issue for a farm fence because it can loosen the fence and allow the animals to escape. It can be prevented by creating a drainage bed when setting the post with concrete. This is done by creating a bell shape while digging the hole so that the bottom is three times wider than the pole. Pour pea gravel 3/8-inch deep into the bottom, then spread it evenly. This will allow the water to drain under the post and prevent frost heaving.
Fences have been around for what seems like forever. With the main purpose of a farm fence is to keep animals in or out, it is important to do the job right. Using the best materials possible along with the right equipment and tools, a farm fence can last for a year. Periodically, the property owner should do an inspection for the fence lines and gates, much like having the roof of your home inspected to assure that any potential problems are addressed and repaired immediately. Dial 469-342-3003 today for your fencing needs in Plano, TX.